Proposing limits to transparency today may seem heresy, since it has become an omnipresent good in our life, especially in the political arena, as it is the "motto" that dominates the public discourse.
Although football clubs have shown an improvement in their level of transparency compared to the previous edition of the INFUT, they are still far from the level of transparency required for these sports organisations.
The campaigns that public authorities carry out to provide citizens with information about their rights and obligations, the functioning of public institutions and the services they provide consume significant amounts of public money.
Historically and until relatively recently, the world of business has been characterized primarily by secrecy and a certain opacity, rather than transparency.
Currently, there is a growing concern in all organisations around the world regarding transparency issues, a concept that responds to the extent to which every organization accounts for its way of acting to concerned third parties.
The studies of opinion that are carried out periodically show that Justice still has a negative image among the majority of the general public.
Carlos Castresana, last year awarded the first place Award for Transparency, Integrity and Anti-Corruption, convened by TI-Spain and the General Council of Lawyers. Two characteristics that define it: rigour and firmness against corruption.
Since 2015, Spanish municipalities have been obliged (all of them) by the Law 19/2013 of Transparency, Access to Public Information and Good Government, to comply with a wide set of legal obligations.
One of the most relevant issues currently facing us in the context of the fight against corruption and the need to increase levels of transparency in a globalised economy is the incidence of ethical and legal assumptions of business activity.
If we make the case to their spokesmen (including treasurers), the transparency of the parties in Spain is quite satisfactory and even excessive.
Political parties are the most frequent way of organizing political representation in democracies. It is in the interest of society that the party system be agile and efficient; that the field of play is level.
According to reports of the World Bank, there is a direct relationship between per capita income and transparency, so that as institutional transparency increases and/or assumes a higher quality, citizens' average income increases.